Centre for Maritime Safety


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Maintenance and fuelling

It’s important to always keep your PWC in good order. You can do this by regularly checking the main features before you leave home, the ramp, mooring or wharf. The major causes of breakdown are engine failure, fuel shortage or contamination, mechanical failure and battery failure.

Maintenance checklist

  • Check your registration number and label and the PWC Behaviour Label. Make sure they are properly displayed.
  • Look at your steering control – make sure it’s working properly.
  • Check your fuel and oil supplies. Top up if necessary.
  • Make sure your engine compartment is adequately ventilated. Simply sniff for fumes before you try to start your engine.
  • Look for any leaks in fuel lines, fuel or oil tanks or the exhaust system.
  • Check your batteries. Make sure the terminals are safely secured and properly charged with fluid at proper levels.
  • Check your engine hood cover is latched securely.
  • Make sure the pump/intake area is free of debris.
  • Look for cracks and other damage to the hull.
  • Test the throttle. Make sure that it is in proper working order.
  • Check that the lanyard cut-off switch is in proper working order and that it is attached to your wrist or your lifejacket.
  • Make sure you have enough rope for mooring and towing.
  • Check your hoke and fuel reserve controls.
  • Keep the hull free of damage, algae and other growth.
  • Be sure your engine is free of grease and oil build-up, and that it’s properly tuned.


It’s important that you fuel your PWC on land. Not only is fuel dangerous, it’s also a significant source of water pollution. Be aware of overfilling – fill the tank slowly so you avoid a spill. Watch the vents and use absorbent material to collect any overflow. Also, be sure not to put those materials into the PWC or the water.